also necessary for fir tree growth. How to Grow Sea Buckthorn Trees. Fir is any of the species of conifers belonging to the genus Abies included in the Pinaceae (or pine) family. Children's Directions for Growing a Sweet Potato Vine Growing Vegetables. First described in 1768, balsam fir is a medium-sized tree generally reaching 40-60 feet in height and 1-1 1/2 feet in diameter. There are five species, two in western North America, one in Mexico, and two in eastern Asia. Like so many popular essential oils, fir needle essential is extracted through a process of steam distillation from fir needles. Wood of most firs is considered unsuitable for general timber use, and is often used as pulp or for the Here is some general information on the douglas-fir tree. swalia thank you and am glad you came to know more through this hub. On good sites, bur oak has a spreading habit with a broad crown; massive bole; and low, large branches. Fir needles are bright green to blue-green on the top and white or silvery green on the bottom. Full sunlight and plenty of water are Wood Products: This tree’s lumber is excellent for construction. They are large trees, reaching heights from 10 to 80 meters (33 to 262 feet) tall and trunk diameters from 0.5 to 4 meters (1 ft 8 in to 13 ft 1 in) when mature. How to Propagate a Cyclamen Plant Growing Flowers. Trees are tall plants made of wood. Identification of the different species is based on the size and arrangement of the needle-like leaves, the size and shape of the cones, and whether the bract scales of the cones are long and exserted, or short and hidden inside the cone. How to Root Loropetalum Cuttings Shrubs. They are flat and usually have rounded tips. Nordmann fir, noble fir, Fraser fir and balsam fir are popular Christmas trees, generally considered to be the best for this purpose, with aromatic foliage that does not shed many needles on drying out. Nithya Venkat (author) from Dubai on May 17, 2016: Faith Reaper thank you and it must be wonderful to live in a place surrounded by pine trees. Since the Fraser fir is similar to the balsam fir in appearance, it is referred to as ‘she-balsam’. The balsam fir or balsam tree is a small to medium-sized, evergreen, coniferous, upright tree with a spire-like crown that normally grows about 4–20 meters (46–66 ft.) tall, occasionally reaching a height of 27 meters (89 ft.). It was dismantled in 2017 when folks realized it looked more like a rocket than a fir tree. Young trees branch to the ground, but lower branches die back as the trees age. The grand fir is considered one of the tallest and fastest-growing fir species. The Fraser Fir is the only fir tree indigenous to the Great Smoky Mountains , and it’s found only in Southern Appalachia at elevations above 3,900 feet . Resin blisters can be seen on the otherwise smooth bark of the tree. Save For Later Print. Cylindrical cones are 5–25 centimeters (2–10 inches) long. Lifespan: 500 years. Douglas Fir Trees, Facts & Information on the Douglas Fir Tree. Its trunk is tall and ramrod straight, and the tree presents a slender, columnar or pyramidal shape. Needles are flattened and dark-green. Since the Fraser fir is similar to the balsam fir in appearance, it is referred to as ‘she-balsam’. Just like kids, these trees don’t grow up overnight — it can take up to 15 years for a Fraser Fir to reach a height of six to seven feet on a tree farm. The evergreen needles measure 1 inch in length and feature rounded tips. The genus Abies includes 48-56 species of true firs that are classified into nine extant sections and one extinct section. Each needle grows singly from the branch. Fir canker is a serious disease, another one that a fungus is guilty of causing. I think that pine trees are one of the most interesting types of trees. But it is not technically a spruce (Picea genus) or a pine (Pinus genus) or a fir (Abies genus). Fertilize white fir trees in early spring or late fall, using a high-nitrogen fertilizer with a ratio such as 10-10-5 or 12-6-4, or a fertilizer formulated for evergreens. Bur oak has several desirable attributes including strong branches, drought tolerance, winter hardiness, and freedom from serious insects or diseases. It is the most extensively used species of fir in landscaping in the eastern US. Unfortunately, resin is highly flammable and it Pines produce resin that flows from the injured bark. They have the potential to grow much higher than that in the wild, sometimes reaching over 200 feet (60.9 meters) tall. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The tree was surrounded by some controversy during construction—the local Catholic archbishop thought it was a waste of money (about $80,000) that should have gone to charity—and it ultimately didn't stay up for long. Its needles are used for producing essential oil that helps in treating rheumatism. Many large 100+ft beautiful species can be found in the wild around Durango, Colorado. How to Rope Off a Tree Limb to Keep it From Falling Trees. Light green needles and long dark cones are some of the identifying features of this fir tree. A tea made by green fir needles in boiling water is high in vitamins A and C. Firs are used as food plants by the caterpillars of some Lepidoptera species. For example, if the tree was 50 years old it would have 50 branch whorls. Leaves (needles) are flattened, dark-green with a medial groove on the upper side and two broad silvery-white bands on the lower surface. Firs are uninodal, producing one whorl of branches each year, from buds at the tip of the year’s new shoot. The root system of the fir tree also helps to prevent soil erosion. Fir branches are used for purifying and warding off ghosts in some Salish and other Northwest Indian rituals. Thank you for sharing all the facts. In the wild this tree can live 100 years and longer but outside of its normal range one could expect 40 or more years to be an old tree. Unlike the paired needles of spruce and bunched, cluster-like needles of pine trees, fir needles attach singly to the twigs with the arrangement resembling a small suction cup. It is a symbol of honesty, truth and forthrightness because of the way it grows on the “straight and narrow.” The trunk of the fir reminds us of a tall straight pillar of strength, a symbolic tower of truth. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. The combination of form, dark green color, strong branches and pleasant scent has led to Fraser Fir being one of the most popular Christmas tree species. Firs are long-lived, on average achieving reproductive maturity at 20 years, with an average life-span of 60 years. White fir tree is a classic American beauty native to the Rocky Mountains. How to Grow Grape Vines in Illinois Growing Grapes. T. Davis Sydnor, The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org. The tops of the leaves are dark green and shiny but the underside is a silver-blue color that inspires the nickname of … Learn how tall trees can grow, how long they can live, how they help us breathe, what wood can be used for, what tree roots do and much more. Old fir trees have thick, ridged bark, and younger firs have thin, smooth bark. https://www.thoughtco.com/identify-the-firs-1341855, https://www.thespruce.com/twelve-species-of-fir-trees-3269663, https://oregonstate.edu/trees/conifer_genera/ spp/ true_fir_spp.html, https://www.cabi.org/isc/abstract/  20093311542, https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/32101/ 2810241, Much of North America, Central America, Europe, North Africa, and Asia, Usually slow and varies from 1 ft to 49 ft depending on the species, Can range from 50 years to 300 years, some species may live for 400-500 years, Monarch butterflies reside in sacred fir trees, native to Mexico and Guatemala, during their fall migration from the US and Canada, caterpillars of several moth species use fir as food, Wood is used as pulp for manufacturing rough timber and plywood; balsam, Fraser, Nordmann, and noble firs make great Christmas trees; East Himalayan fir is used in Ayurvedic medicine as a cough suppressant, Species like the Sicilian fir and Baishanzu fir are listed as critically endangered, while Fraser’s fir is considered endangered. The average lifespan of Abies balsamea is about 150 to 200 years. Balsam fir trees feature a gray or pale green bark and evergreen shiny leaves. Updated: February 2, 2017. Mature cones are usually brown, young in summer can be green, yellow, purple, blue or dark purple-blue. Tree Facts for Kids. They are large trees, reaching heights from 10 to 80 meters (33 to 262 feet) tall and trunk diameters from 0.5 to 4 meters (1 ft 8 in to 13 ft 1 in) when mature. Douglas firs are not true firs, being of the genus Pseudotsuga. © 2021 (Coniferous Forest). Leaves: Needle-like, flattened, two white lines on the bottom, about 1 in long, Bark: Smooth, gray, turns rough and scaly with maturity, Cones: Cylindrical, upright, about 3-10 in long, brown or purple, Branches: Rigid, erect or horizontal, densely packed with needles. It exhibits a relatively dense, dark-green, pyramidal crown with a slender spire-like tip. Balsam Fir Tree Facts. The various sections of fir trees along with the species are given below: In addition to the abovementioned fir species, there are several cultivars, including ‘Glauca’, ‘Revoluta’, ‘Nana Compacta’, ‘Pendula’, ‘Loggerhead’, ‘Little Jon’, and ‘Stairii’. Articles. Interesting Facts. Height: The Douglas fir can grow to be very tall indeed, and can grow up to 60 metres in Britain. I always enjoy examining them and learning more about them. Interesting Facts. A fungal malady, grey mold wilts these shoots and dries them up. It exhibits a relatively dense, dark-green, pyramidal crown with a slender spire-like tip. The China fir may grow to a height of 50 metres (160 feet), with a circumference of about 5.5 metres (18 feet); it is covered with fragrant, reddish brown bark that is shed in long strips. As the tree ages, more blisters develop and ooze balsam, an oily resin. Firs are monoecious (both sexes) and produces female cones high in the crown, and clusters of male cones in a zone below. The concolor fir was first found by William Lobb during 1849-1853 when he was on his way to explore California. Douglas fir trees have long, flat, spirally arranged needles that grow directly from the branch and completely surround it. The slender growth habit makes it appealing to buyers looking for a tree for small rooms. Concolor Fir Tree Pictures. Several fir species, including the balsam fir, are used as ornamental trees. Its needles are used for producing essential oil that helps in treating rheumatism. When cultivated, they can reach heights of 60 feet (18.2 meters) tall and up to 25 feet (7.6 meters) wide. Fraser fir is a uniformly pyramid-shaped tree which reaches a maximum height of about 80 feet and a diameter of 1-1.5 feet. The Grand Fir is easy to distinguish from other fir trees in that their needles have exceptional uniformity and the branch patterns are consistent. Fir tree identification. Dig the fertilizer into the soil around the tree, then water well. Plains Indian tribes commonly burn fir needles as incense, and northern Algonquian tribes bundled spruce and fir needles into sachets or herbal pillows to protect against illness. Fraser fir trees are widely used as Christmas trees. Subalpine firs grow up to 66 ft. (20 m) and are also popular in ornamental landscaped gardens. Interesting facts about the Rocky Mountains, Interesting facts about the Lake District, Interesting facts about Zhangye Danxia Landform, Interesting facts about Yorkshire Terriers. The plant is found growing in mountain slopes, glaciated uplands as well as on alluvial flats, peat lands, swamps, forests and wetland margins. Firs grow best in areas of high elevation in well-drained, moist soil. Facts and stats. manufacture of plywood and rough timber. Firs grow best in areas of high elevation in well-drained, moist soil. One of the nine sacred woods of used for a sabbat fire the Druids held the fir in high esteem. Moreover, this species has longer needles yet grows shorter as compared to another genus. Cones hang from the branches and can approach 5 inches long. It is also used to make stuffing for pillows and mattresses in some countries. and rheumatism. Full sunlight and plenty of water are also necessary for fir tree growth. In aromatherapy uses, as an essential oil, Fir is beneficial for coughs, colds, flu, arthritis, muscle aches The spreading branches, drooping at the ends, bear flattened, lance-shaped leaves about 6 … deciduous tree widely distributed across the United States. Parts of the Himalayan fir can be used for producing incense. Abies spectabilis or Talispatra is used in Ayurveda as an antitussive drug. Leaves: It has soft needles with two grey bands underneath. The concolor firs have a shallow and widespread root system, which makes them vulnerable to “windthrow”. The Grand Fir. Read on and have fun learning a range of interesting information about trees. They also grow upwards instead of hanging down. A variety of grades of veneer are manufactured which are generally used for construction. The mighty Douglas fir is native to the Pacific Northwest, growing in coastal forests from British Columbia to northern California. Many are also decorative garden trees, notably Korean fir and Fraser fir, which produce brightly colored cones even when very young, still only 1–2 meters (3.3–6.6 feet) tall. The leaves are like needles. Doulas-Fir Tree Descriptive Facts. Fir trees in excess of 400 years old have been recorded in several species, and noble firs 600 to 700 years old are known. Douglas-fir is the English name applied in common to evergreen coniferous trees of the genus Pseudotsuga in the family Pinaceae. The fungus infects the bark and promotes a thickening of the branches in the area of the infection. All rights reserved. Other coniferous trees such as Douglas fir, joint fir, and hemlock fir are also called firs, but they are not true firs because they belong to different genera like Pseudotsuga, Ephedra, and Tsuga. Abies procera, the noble fir, also called red fir and Christmas tree, is a western North American fir, native to the Cascade Range and Coast Range mountains of extreme northwest California and western Oregon and Washington in the United States.It is a high-altitude tree, typically occurring at 300–1,500 m (980–4,920 ft) altitude, only rarely reaching the tree line Like other evergreens, fir trees are associated with protection and spirituality in many Native American tribes. Most of the demands for chips at the present time are being met by the chipping of mill residues and small logs. Strong branches are turned slightly upward which gives the tree a compact appearance. Parts of the Himalayan fir can be used for producing incense. Seeds: The oval shaped cones hang downwards with a three point bract - a special type of leaf - on every scale. The hanging oblong The plant can grow on a wide range … These large trees, although closely related to cedars, can be distinguished from other conifers by their soft cones that perch upright like candles. Fir trees in excess of 400 years old have been recorded in several species, and noble firs 600 to 700 years old are known. Grey mold can destroy the young shoot on fir trees such as grand fir and the white fir. Indicative of the taxonomic confusion about this tree, the scientific genus name Pseudotsuga means “false hemlock,” alluding to yet another kind of tree somewhat similar to this unique but important tree. Large trees generally require no fertilizer, but you can always dig a bit of well-rotted manure or compost into soil. This stiffly pyramidal evergreen is also known as Colorado fir. Being a member of the pine family and having flat needle-like leaves are some common balsam fir tree facts. This evergreen plant has small to medium sizes and deluges in northern region forests of the Adirondacks. The genus name, Pseudotsuga means “false hemlock,” yet another tree that it is similar to. Pulp is generally is used for Kraft paper. There are about 56 species of fir in the world. The fir tree cones are softer than other coniferous trees and come apart at the end of the season to spread their seeds. The species' fragrance, shape, strong limbs, and ability to retain its soft needles for a long time when cut (which do not prick easily when hanging ornaments) make it one of the best trees for this purpose. The grand fir is considered one of the tallest and fastest-growing fir species. Fraser Fir is a uniformly, pyramid-shaped tree. Best offers for your Garden - https://amzn.to/2InnD0w ----- Balsam Fir Tree Facts. Old fir trees have thick, ridged bark, and younger firs … The needles are the most important part of this plant, as that is where the active ingredients and powerful chemical compounds are located. They are evergreen trees (they keep their needle-like leaves all year). Check out our fun tree facts for kids. It’s properties include being an antiseptic, antitussive, Deodorant, disinfectant and expectorant. They are found through much of North and Central America, Europe, Asia, and North Africa, occurring in mountains over most of the range. Canaan fir, also called West Virginia balsam fir, is a little known tree that is native to isolated pockets in the mountains of West Virginia and Virginia. Each yellow- or blue-green needle is borne singly and has a short stalk at the base and a grooved upper surface. Balsam Fir Abies balsamea (L.) Miller Description: First described in 1768, balsam fir is a medium-sized tree generally reaching 40-60 feet in height and 1-1 1/2 feet in diameter. The Douglas Fir also goes by names such as red fir, Oregon pine, and Douglas spruce. Firs can be distinguished from other members of the pine family by the unique attachment of their needle-like leaves to the twig by a base that resembles a small suction cup. The balsam fir tree (Abies balsamea) is an important evergreen species in Canada and parts of the United States, serving as Christmas trees and used for paper pulp and construction. The smooth, symmetrical evergreen crown is composed of dark green needles that smell like Christmas when bruised. Douglas-Firs are very large trees. How to Prune a Colorado Blue Spruce Trees. This makes firs different from pines, which have needles that grow in bundles. Winter buds are brown, shiny, and pointed. A member of the pine family, white fir does well in cool, humid environments in Midwestern, East Coast, and Pacific coastal gardens. Firs are evergreen coniferous trees that belongs to the genus Abies of the family Pinaceae. By: John Lindell 21 September, 2017. snow covered trees image by Julianna Olah from Fotolia.com. How to Fertilize Cannas Growing … facilitates spreading of the forest fire. Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) Douglas fir is not a true fir tree but it’s a type of pine tree . The Noble Fir tree has a reputation for staying fresh for an extended period. Deer will eat this species when other preferred browse is unavailable. Fir trees can be anywhere from 17 feet (5 meters) to 200 feet (60 meters) tall when fully grown. Douglas fir, which has sometimes been called the Douglas tree, Oregon pine, and Douglas spruce, is not actually a true fir, a pine, or a spruce. Grow to be very tall indeed, and younger firs have a shallow widespread... Grow in bundles slightly upward which gives the tree was 50 years old it would have 50 branch whorls the. More about them to prevent soil erosion each yellow- or blue-green needle borne. 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Native American tribes in Mexico, and pointed that pine trees are widely as..., Pseudotsuga means “ false hemlock, ” yet another tree that it is also used to make stuffing pillows... Are 5–25 fir tree facts ( 2–10 inches ) long best in areas of high elevation well-drained! Branches are turned slightly upward which gives the tree a compact appearance have long flat! Is not a true fir tree northern region forests of the genus Pseudotsuga and of..., sometimes reaching over 200 feet ( 5 meters ) to 200 (. Bit of well-rotted manure or compost into soil can be seen on the top white. Fully grown the needles are used as ornamental trees of well-rotted manure or compost into soil glad. Smell like Christmas when bruised inches long the tip of the genus Pseudotsuga in the wild, sometimes over... Mill residues and small logs spreading of the forest fire first described in 1768, balsam fir but... Means “ false hemlock, ” yet another tree that it is also to. Be anywhere from 17 feet ( 60.9 meters ) tall bark of the tallest fastest-growing... Branches are turned slightly upward which gives the tree ages, more blisters develop and ooze balsam an! Area of the family Pinaceae the forest fire 2017. snow covered trees image by Olah... Base and a grooved upper surface white fir tree and warding Off ghosts in Salish..., then water well, as that is where the active ingredients and powerful chemical compounds are located when.! Tree Facts, bur oak has several desirable attributes including strong branches are used for purifying warding! Reaching over 200 feet ( 60.9 meters ) to 200 feet ( 60 meters ) tall -. The fir in appearance, it is the most important part of this plant, as that is where active! And are also necessary for fir tree is a serious disease, another one that fungus!