A Hand of Peace: Pope Pius XII and the Holocaust is an important contribution to the robust and timely debate that has arisen surrounding Pius’s wartime record. During his 80-minute-long speech, he had the delicacy not to name Pacelli explicitly and recalled the suffering of Rome’s Jews, but ignored the public silence of Pius XII when they were sent to Auschwitz. Director. Copyright © 2021 Public Broadcasting Service (PBS), all rights reserved. Still, with his new film “Holy Silence,” it’s hard not to ponder how different things might have been for Europe’s Jews if not for a few twists of fate. Is Pius XII a saint or a sinner? Take a fresh look at a topic that has sparked controversy for decades.MoreMore. Pope Pius XII has been unfairly blamed over the past fifty years for not having denounced Hitler publicly and for his perceived inaction against the Nazis and his failure to help the Jews. Pius XII feared the bombing of Vatican City, a place that was ultimately spared by the Germans who had occupied Italy by 1943. LaFarge had done a lot of work helping and working with African-American families in the United States. He is the former deputy head of news at the New York Daily News and teaches journalism at The King’s College in New York City. Pope Pius XII’s legacy as a “righteous gentile,” who rescued so many Jews from Hitler’s death camps cannot and should not be forgotten. By creating an account, you acknowledge that PBS may share your information with our member stations and our respective service providers, and that you have read and understand the Privacy Policy and Terms of Use. Take a fresh look at a topic that has sparked controversy for decades. This is a family very much involved in the juridical offices of the Roman Curia. The last few months have given us the fact-challenged Netflix movie The Two Popes and the sin-filled HBO series The New Pope. A Compilation of International Evidence Revealing the Wartime Acts of the Vatican Compiled and Edited by Gary L. Krupp (Jewish) Note: The following material is taken from the web site promoting this book. James Cromwell. The documentary looks at the papacy of Pius XI and his successor Pius XII and whether the actions of these men could have done anything to stop the deportation and murder of six million Jews. The documentary refrains from calling Pius XII “Hitler’s pope” like so many others have done in the past. The city is occupied by the Nazis. Pius XI was on the verge of issuing a papal encyclical against Nazi Germany and anti-Semitism at the time of his death in February 1939. The film examines whether Jewish lives would have been saved had … Directed by David Naglieri. The Pope Pius XII was suspected of Nazi collaboration and was called Hitlers Pope. Topics Stock Footage, High Definition. When the archive relating to the pontificate of Pope Pius XI (1922-1939) was opened in 2006, at the request of Pope Benedict XVI, continues the Prefect, “work was already underway for the progressive preparation of the documentary material of Pius XII, which … Pius’s critics predictably dismissed the claim as “most unlikely” or the work of someone trying to build a "mysterious aura" for himself in his later years. The documentary looks at the papacy of Pius XI and his successor Pius XII and whether the actions of these men could have done anything to stop the deportation and murder of six million Jews. The public statements of Pope Pius XII on the Holocaust, or lack thereof, are one of the most controversial elements of the historical debate about Pope Pius XII and the Holocaust.Pius XII's statements have been scrutinized as much, if not more, than his actions during the same period. Featuring interviews with renowned Holocaust historian Sir Martin Gilbert; the Jesuit historian and postulator Fr. Slandering a Saint. In the Words of Pope Pius XII. Pope Pius XII, the leader of the Roman Catholic Church during World War II, learned about the mass murder of Jews early in the war but kept the information a secret in the Vatican. Well, it’s complicated. Christian Duguay. Before that, some Jews living in Rome had praised the Vatican. In an effort to address the situation, he went around Vatican Secretary of State, then-Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli (and future Pope Pius XII), and enlisted the help of Father John LaFarge, a Jesuit priest and associate editor of America magazine living in the United States, to draft an encyclical to declare that Jews were entitled to equal rights and protections as everyone else. We learn from the film that Pius XI, who had a heart condition, had grown increasingly alarmed over the treatment of Jews in Germany. Directed by Christopher Cassel. Entitled “Pius XII and the Second World War: Events, News, and Hypotheses from the Archives,” the conference was convened in anticipation of the opening of the Vatican […] What happened that day—and what Pope Pius XII’s role was in its harrowing events—has been written about, and debated, for decades. Richard Hewes. The city is occupied by the Nazis. 1h 45min. Pius XI died in 1938 and Pacelli was made pope. Pope Francis has fast-tracked the opening of the Pius XII archives in order to help clear up the debate over the war-time pope, whose process for sainthood has been temporarily halted. Unused / unissued material -Rome, Italy.A retrospective story made of library material providing flashbacks of the life of Pope Pius XII - Eugenio Pacelli. In January this year, the Miami Jewish Film Festival premiered a documentary entitled “Holy Silence” that also questioned whether Pius XII did … You have a perfectly exploding corpse. Pius XII was pope from 1939 to 1958, years that included World War II. Throw in some anti-Semitism in the Catholic hierarchy, Pacelli’s backdoor deal-making with Italy’s dictator Benito Mussolini and Hitler and you start getting evidence that this new pope could have done more. Voila! Before historians and the public can delve into the archive, the film effectively gives historical context to this era, which is back in the news cycle this week since Monday marked the 75th anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz. Many Jews were able to take refuge in church buildings, including the Pope’s own summer residence, Castel Gondolfo. When Pope Benedict XVI opened the archives relating to Pius XI, in 2006, “work was already underway for the progressive preparation of the documentary material of Pius XII… “A large body of literature exists, which suggests and contributes to the erroneous presumption that Pope Pius XII was a virulent anti-Semite who acted only in the interest of Vatican assets. Pope Pius XII's cause of canonization was opened on 18 November 1965 by Pope Paul VI during the final session of the Second Vatican Council. Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Pacelli (Pope Pius XII), was born in Rome on March 2, 1876, son of Virginia Graziosi and Filippo Pacelli. Nonetheless, much of what transpired — in regards to documents made available and witness recollection — remain largely a mystery and actions open to interpretation. Pope Pius XII, 1951. In Pope Pius XII and the Holocaust, well-informed scholars--including Michael Marrus, Michael Phayer, Richard L. Rubenstein and Susan Zuccotti--wrestle with these questions. Pope Francis has fast-tracked the opening of the Pius XII archives in order to help clear up the debate over the war-time pope, whose process for sainthood has been temporarily halted. Rome, 1943. "Holy Silence," a documentary film from Emmy-nominated director Steven Pressman, takes a fresh look at a topic that has sparked controversy for decades. Pope Pius XII was praised by world leaders following WW2 but his reputation deteriorated after his death in 1958. The book has four main themes: (1) Pope Pius XII must be understood in his particular historical context. Take a fresh look at a topic that has sparked controversy for decades. You've just tried to add this show to My List. Pope Francis has fast-tracked the opening of the Pius XII archives in order to help clear up the debate over the war-time pope, whose process for sainthood has been temporarily halted. Historians interviewed for Holy Silence argue that the pope chose not to pick sides, instead hoping not to upset the Nazis. Pacelli chose to stay silent. A portrait of Pope Pius XII. He … With Andreas Berg, Arnas Danusas, Michael Deffert, Dan Nachtrab. A new documentary, out this month, tries to come to terms with the cost of Pope Pius XII’s silence during World War II. Under The Roman Sky Overview. Some Jews have accused Pius XII, who reigned from 1939 to 1958, of being indifferent to the Holocaust and not speaking out against Hitler. It also takes an American approach to the events that transpired across the Atlantic Ocean, including efforts by Catholics in this country to sway the pope to act. The Representative, a controversial 1963 play, was one of the first portrayals of Pope Pius XXII as failing to take action to help Jews across Europe. The controversy. But first, we need you to sign in to PBS using one of the services below. Pope Pius XII, the leader of the Roman Catholic Church during World War II, learned about the mass murder of Jews early in the war but kept the information a secret in the Vatican. Use one of the services below to sign in to PBS: You've just tried to add this video to My List. The Vatican Secret Archives documents on the pontificate of Pope Pius XII are shown Feb. 27. Pope Pius XII insisted that the Vatican remain neutral throughout World War II and pleaded with the Allies not to bomb Rome. Myron Taylor visits the Vatican to persuade Pope Pius XII to speak against Nazi Germany. (REVIEW) Popes are in these days. During the years leading up to World War II, what was the Vatican's reaction to the rise of Adolf Hitler and Nazi Germany? The lives of thousands of Jews are in danger. https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/pope-pius-xii-8275.php When Pope Pius XII died on 9 October 1958, Golda Meir, then Israeli delegate to the United Nations, sent official condolences: “We share in the grief of humanity at the passing away of His Holiness, Pope Pius XII. It is this film’s timing, and extraordinary research and magnificent storytelling, that make it a must-see for lovers of history, Jews and especially Catholics. The film serves as a wonderful primer before the public can learn more about the historical background to the events of that time, which included the Nazi takeover of much of Europe, the … The film Holy Silence, which premiered on January 21 at the Miami Jewish Film Festival, comes less than two months before the scheduled release of the Vatican Apostolic Archives regarding the pontificate of Pius XII in an effort to provide historical context for 17 million pages that will be released. Pope Francis has fast-tracked the opening of the Pius XII archives in order to help clear up the debate over the war-time pope, whose process for sainthood has been temporarily halted. Father John LaFarge Jr., an American Jesuit priest, was summoned to Rome in 1938 and directed by Pope Pius XI to draft an encyclical denouncing Nazi Germany and anti-Semitism. Pope Benedict XVI did so on 19 December 2009, simultaneously making the same declaration in regard to Pope John Paul II. Share this video on FacebookShare this video on Twitter. Myron Taylor, a wealthy American industrialist, served as President Roosevelt’s personal envoy to Pope Pius XII during World War II. Subtitles. "A Hand of Peace: Pope Pius XII and the Holocaust" offers valuable insights and contribution to the robust debate surrounding Pope Pius' wartime record. And after the war began, how did the pope respond to the horrors of the Holocaust? Apostolic Constitution: 1945.12.08: Orientales omnes Ecclesias / All the Eastern Churches On the 350th anniversary of the reunion of the Ruthenian Church with the Apostolic See. Pope Pius XII was born on March 2, 1876 in Rome, Lazio, Italy as Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli. Twistiest of all, on the eve of World War II, an ailing Pope Pius XI seemed ready to issue an encyclical condemning … During the years leading up to WWII, what was the Vatican's reaction to the rise of Adolf Hitler and Nazi Germany? But first, we need you to sign in to PBS using one of the services below. In an allocation to the College of Cardinals in 1946, the last Pope, Pius XII, spoke on the Catholic teaching regarding the obligation of voting. Pope Pius XII has been accused in the past of not doing all he could to stop Adolf Hitler and save Jews. Rolf Hochhuth in 2017. Religion Unplugged56 BroadwayNew York, NY 10004, Religion Unplugged is a product of The Media ProjectEIN: 83-046145, antisemitism, Jewish history, Auschwitz, 75 years holocaust, Holocaust, WWII, Ewelina U. Ochab, Anti-Semitism, Judaism, anti-semitism, religious freedom, free exercise, religious school, Supreme Court, SCOTUS, Catholic schools, Justice Roberts, Emilie Kao, Secular, anti-Catholic, Christianity, before the scheduled release of the Vatican Apostolic Archives regarding the pontificate of Pius XII, since Monday marked the 75th anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz, the Second Vatican Council and the papacy of the Polish-born John Paul II, rise of anti-Semitism around the world in recent years. Nor should the fact that the Jewish community, and so many of its leaders, praised the Pope’s efforts during and after the Holocaust, and promised never to forget. Clemente Lisi is a senior editor and regular contributor to Religion Unplugged. He brokered the release of some Roman Jews rounded up in 1943, although most were sent to Auschwitz. The documentary does give Pius’ critics a chance to voice their opinions, but one is definitely left with a good impression of Pope Pacelli. During the Second World War, Pope Pius XII maintained links to the German resistance to Nazism against Adolf Hitler's Nazi regime. Regarding Pope Pius XII and his supposed “silence”: The archbishop of Holland spoke out against the Gestapo’s roundup of the Jews and in retaliation the Germans killed 83% of Dutch Jews not married to non-Jews. Are Catholics Morally Obliged to Vote? This is some of the geo-political intrigue the film, with help from interviews from historians and interspersed with TV and radio reports of the time, that sheds light on the future actions of the Vatican and Pius XII. Some Jews have accused Pius XII, who reigned from 1939 to 1958, of being indifferent to the Holocaust and not speaking out against Hitler. Two Popes served through the Nazi period: Pope Pius XI (1922–1939) and Pope Pius XII (1939–1958). https://blogs.timesofisrael.com/pope-pius-xii-and-the-holocaust-2 Films about them are, anyway. In Vatican City, a neutral state within the borders of Rome, Pope Pius XII is struggling to save the city from hunger and destruction. Throughout the 1930s, Pacelli, a Vatican envoy to Germany, became a virulent anti-Communist in those years. In January this year, the Miami Jewish Film Festival premiered a documentary entitled "Holy Silence" that also questioned whether Pius XII did … Some of Pope Pacelli’s defenders also voiced scepticism, including Ronald Rychlak, an American law professor, Vatican adviser, and a specialist in the Pius XII controversy. Born Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli, Pope Pius XII (00:42) served as Pope of the Catholic Church from 1939 until his death in 1958. In to PBS using one of the services below virulent anti-Communist in those years a affected. 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