Special Issue: Special Issue ‐ Improving Pest Control: Mass Rearing and Field Performance. Fitness costs associated with chlorantraniliprole resistance in (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). (2015), who reported that adult survival rate of C. capitata on the ‘dead probiotic’ diet was not more pronounced than when on ‘live probiotic’ diet. At 25°C, the intrinsic rates of increase (r) found for the two experiments were 0.1354 and 0.1002 per day, and the net reproductive rates (R0) were 206.3 and 66.0 offspring, respectively. Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae) Entomol. In this study, we constructed life tables for Bactrocera cucurbitae on cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) in the laboratory and under simulated field conditions. Melon fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett), Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann), oriental fruit fly Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), and the so-called Malaysian (solanaceous) fruit fly, Bactrocera latifrons (Hendel), have accidentally become established in Hawaii, and attack more than 400 different host fruits. Chrysodeixis chalcites Bactrocera dorsalis Determination of fitness traits of . How bottom-up effects of different tomato cultivars affect population responses of Tuta absoluta (Lep. In conclusion, our study confirmed that probiotic addition to the larval diet ameliorates the effect of irradiation on intestinal microbiota. Induction of Resistance Against Plutella xylostella (L.) (Lep. The pupae were reared under the conditions described above. : Gelechiidae): a case study on host plant resistance. . Learn about our remote access options, Laboratory of Theoretical and Applied Ecology, Department of Entomology, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan, Republic of China, Hsin Chi (corresponding author), P.O. As Bactrocera cucurbitae(Coquillett) is not found in the continental United States there are no specific management recommendations for its control in Florida. dominated both populations (37% in males and females), leading us to select the Enterobacter spec. Evaluation of Sublethal Effects of Sulfoxaflor on the Green Peach Aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Using Life Table Parameters. The PCR conditions were as follows: initial denaturing step of 94 °C for 5 min; followed by 34 cycles of denaturation at 94 °C for 30 s, annealing at 56 °C for 30 s, and extension at 72 °C for 1 min; and a final extension step at 72 °C for 5 min. species (Diptera: Tephritidae) reared on a semi-artificial diet in Hawaii (Clausen, 1978) may have been expected to have some impact on B. cucurbitae as well as Bactrocera dorsalis. The larva is a cylindrical-maggot shape, elongated, with the anterior end narrowed a somewhat curved ventrally. . Effects of Sublethal Concentrations of Cyantraniliprole on the Development, Fecundity and Nutritional Physiology of the Black Cutworm Agrotis ipsilon (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). . Effects of three different cultivars of cruciferous plants on the age‐stage, two‐sex life table traits of Plutella xylostella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae). High‐quality PCR products were sent for sequencing at Biosune Biotechnology (Shanghai, China) with an ABI 3730 XL using the 968GC and L1401 primers. Sublethal Effects of Cyantraniliprole and Imidacloprid on Feeding Behavior and Life Table Parameters of Twenty‐nine and 25 colonies were sequenced from 5‐day‐old male and female guts, respectively. Demography and Mass-Rearing Harmonia dimidiata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) Using Aphis gossypii (Hemiptera: Aphididae) and Eggs of Bactrocera dorsalis (Diptera: Tephritidae). The dead and live flies were counted after 48 h. Nine replicates were performed per group. Temperature-Mediated Effects of Host Alternation on the Adaptation of Myzus persicae (Hemiptera: Aphididae). Thirty-two species and varieties of natural enemies to fruit flies were introduced to Hawaii between 1947 and 1952 to control the fruit flies. Fitness costs in clothianidin-resistant population of the melon aphid, Aphis gossypii. It has anterior mouth hooks, ventral fusiform areas and a flattened caudal end. This led to significantly enhanced fitness and sexual performance of the laboratory‐raised individuals in competition with wild flies (Gavriel et al., 2011; Hamden et al., 2013). This result is different from that of Augustinos et al. For example, the irradiation used for SIT disturbs microbe balance in the midgut for C. capitata and A. ludens, reducing the abundance of specific, functional gut bacteria (Niyazi et al., 2004; Ami et al., 2010; Estes et al., 2011; Gavriel et al., 2011; Jurkevitch, 2011; Zindel et al., 2011; Lauzon & Potter, 2012). Acetamiprid resistance and fitness costs of melon aphid, Aphis gossypii: An age-stage, two-sex life table study. Control Tools. Then, these tubes were placed in a constant‐temperature oscillation incubator to breed bacteria under 37 °C at 180 revolutions per min. Two types of flies were obtained: probiotic‐irradiated (PI) and non‐probiotic‐irradiated (NPI) B. cucurbitae GSS. We are also grateful to Yanchuan Yang, Houjun Xiang, Tan Xiao, Zong Hu, and Jian Wu, who helped to complete this experiment. (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae): A New Diet for Rearing Three Predatory Mites of the Family Phytoseiidae In severe cases, losses may reach up to 100% in some fruit crops. Age-stage, two-sex life table of Parapoynx crisonalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) at different temperatures. . Life‐history and demographic traits of the marula fruit fly Ceratitis cosyra: potential consequences of host specialization. Temperature effects on development and fecundity of Brachmia macroscopa (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). Bactrocera cucurbitae 3 Detection and inspection methods B. cucurbitae can be monitored by traps baited with male lures. Neither the PI treatment nor the API treatment significantly affected AL or WL in the irradiated B. cucurbitae GSS (Table 1) (female AL: F2,24 = 1.681, P = 0.26; female WL: F2,24 = 0.721, P = 0.52; male AL: F2,24 = 2.228, P = 0.19; male WL: F2,24 = 2.124, P = 0.20). Potential of a fly gut microbiota incorporated gel-based larval diet for rearing Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel). The full text of this article hosted at iucr.org is unavailable due to technical difficulties. . These microbiota could be exploited to produce higher quality sterile insects for SIT applications at a reduced cost. The number of culturable bacterial communities was limited, and this limitation might have been caused by the artificial diet that the laboratory‐adapted B. cucurbitae GSS was fed for >13 generations. comprised 37% of the total gut biome of females and males. Poppius when fed The Enterobacter spec. (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) One hundred pupae from each group were weighed 2 days before emergence. Degree to which control of the taxon within California is mandated. Sub-lethal concentrations of the entomopathogenic fungus, Beauveria bassiana increase fitness costs of Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) offspring. Orius strigicollis Life table parameters of the tomato leaf miner Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) on different tomato cultivars. Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. Number of times cited according to CrossRef: Tri-trophic interactions among nitrogen-fertilized tomato cultivars, the tomato fruit worm, Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and the ectoparasitoid, Habrobracon hebetor (Say) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Dhillon1, Ram Singh2, J.S. Demography and Consumption of Petri dishes (no lids) with 100 irradiated pupae (white or brown) were covered with cylinders. Many of these are either known or believed to have the potential to damage a diverse array of important crops. However, if cucumbers were kept in the field but were not covered, the r and R0 for the two experiments were 0.1043 and 0.0904 per day, and 27.7 and 10.1 offspring, respectively. . In the future, we can focus on discovering more suitable probiotics to strengthen fruit fly fitness and improve SIT. Laboratory evaluation of the effect of Beauveria bassiana on the predatory mite Phytoseiulus persimilis (Acari: Phytoseiidae). Equine hepatocytes: isolation, cryopreservation, and applications to in vitro drug metabolism studies. Working off-campus? The mean female and male pupal weight increased by 0.17 ± 0.04 and 0.08 ± 0.01 mg, respectively (Table 1), although the autoclaved probiotic (API) did not affect pupal weight as robustly as PI. A B. cucurbitae genetic sexing strain (GSS) was established for SIT. To monitor the potential for development of resistance, information about the current levels of tolerance to spinosad in melon fly populations were established in this study. Bactrocera cucurbitae edit Extracted from Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia - Original source - History - Webmasters Guidelines: Aree della Conoscenza KidS and TeenS Istruzione-Formazione Best Viewed With GFS! . The melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera: Tephritidae), is polyphagous and an important fruit and vegetable pest. Chemical control of Bactrocera cucurbitae in crops biomagnifies toxic residues in fruits and vegetables imposes health-hazard effects on consumers and demands for eco-friendly approaches. from C. capitata was used as a probiotic in the larval rather than the adult diet (Hamden et al., 2013) to increase Enterobacter spec. Factors affecting reproductive success and life history parameters of Bracon hebetor Say (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) from three host-associated populations. A walk on the wild side: gut bacteria fed to mass-reared larvae of Queensland fruit fly [Bactrocera tryoni (Froggatt)] influence development. The dominant bacteria in the fruit fly gut are from the Enterobacteriaceae family and include Enterobacter spec., Klebsiella spec., Providencia spec., Pectobacterium spec., and Citrobacter freundii (Braak) Werkman & Gillen (Lauzon, 2003; Niyazi et al., 2004; Behar et al., 2005, 2008a,b; Ami et al., 2010; Gavriel et al., 2011). The Influence of Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae) Life Table and Reproductive Parameters by Applying Si on Bean at Library Condition. Age-stage, two-sex life history of the golden twin spot moth, A few of the important pest species include: Asian fruit fly, Bactrocera invadens Carambola fly, Bactrocera carambolae Chinese citrus fruit fly, Bactrocera minax guava fruit fly,Bactrocera correcta Malaysian fruit fly,Bactrocera latifrons melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae olive fruit fly, Bactrocera oleae oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis peach frui… Wild bacterial probiotics fed to larvae of mass‐reared Queensland fruit fly [Bactrocera tryoni (Froggatt)] do not impact long‐term survival, mate selection, or locomotor activity. The effects of the probiotic larval diet on the size of irradiated adult B. cucurbitae males and females were measured using head width (HW), thorax length (TL), abdomen length (AL), and wing length (WL). . Culex pipiens (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) using two-sex life table analysis Enhanced effects of dietary tannic acid with chlorantraniliprole on life table parameters and nutritional physiology of Spodoptera exigua (Hübner). It was reared under controlled temperature, humidity, and light conditions (25 ± 1 °C, 65 ± 5% r.h., L12:D12 photoperiod) for >13 generations. Learn more. led to quantitative changes in the Enterobacteriaceae inhabiting the gut and significantly improved some QC parameters. Bactrocera cucurbitae Coquillett, 1849 (mosca del melone) è una mosca della famiglia Tephritidae. Releases of Opius spp., Biosteres spp. The PCR reaction (25 μl) contained 0.5 μl 2× Trans Taq HiFi PCR SuperMix, 2.0 μl 10 mM dNTPs, 0.5 μl 10 mM each primer, 2.5 μl 10× PCR buffer I, 1 μl template DNA, and 18 μl ddH2O. Journal of the Acarological Society of Japan. (Acari: Phytoseiidae) and Resistant Eggplant Cultivar in a Tritrophic System The ‘live probiotic’ (PI) diet and the ‘autoclaved probiotic’ (API) diet both significantly improved pupal weight, morphological indices, and adult survival rate compared with the control ‘non‐probiotic’ (NPI) diet group. : Plutellidae) by Jasmonic Acid and Mealy Cabbage Aphid Feeding in Brassica napus L.. Pleiotropic effects of propargite on life-table parameters of susceptible and resistant strains and reciprocal F1 hybrids of Tetranychus urticae Koch, 1836 and their implications for population growth. Fitness parameters of Plutella xylostella (L.) (Lepidoptera; Plutellidae) at four constant temperatures by using age-stage, two-sex life tables. Green peach aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover ( Hemiptera: Delphacidae ),! To further develop B. cucurbitae with probiotic Enterobacter spec eggs or maggots and emerge in fruit... 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Plants subjected to different Salinity or fertilizer concentrations and reproductive success of Tetranychus urticae Mites on these plants and... Two hundred micrograms of each sample was spread onto Luria–Bertani ( LB ) agar plates Amblyseius (! Probiotics in the Enterobacteriaceae inhabiting the gut and significantly improved some QC parameters concentrations. Temperatures on the demographic parameters and digestive physiology of Sitotroga cerealella ( Olivier ) ( Hemiptera: ). And vegetables imposes health-hazard effects on development and life table parameters of four Bactrocera species Diptera.