[94] The town of Johor Bahru was officially recognised as a city on 1 January 1994. The party administration was taken over by Chin Peng, who abandoned the "moderate strategy" in favour of a "people’s revolutionary war", culminating in the Malayan Emergency of 1948. [146], The jungles of Johor host a diverse array of plant and animal species, with an estimated 950 vertebrates species, comprising 200 mammals, 600 birds and 150 reptiles, along with 2,080 invertebrates species. Malacca served as the staging area for the British victory in 1811. [283], As Malaysia is one of the least densely populated countries in Asia, the state is particularly sparsely populated, with most people concentrated in the coastal areas, since towns and urban centres have massively expanded through recent developments. [187], Johor is the biggest fruit-producing state in Malaysia, with a total fruit plantation area of 414 km2 (160 sq mi) and total harvesting area of 305 km2 (118 sq mi). The Port of Tanjung Pelepas is part of the Malaysian federal container port,[239] while another two container ports, Integrated Container Terminal (also in Tanjung Pelepas) and Johor Port (in Pasir Gudang). [137] In 2017, around 28 rivers in the state were categorised as polluted,[163] leading the authorities and government to push for legislative change and sterner action against river polluters, especially since severe pollution has disrupted the water supply to an estimated 1.8 million people in the state. [171] Johor Corporation (JCorp) is a state-owned conglomerate involved in various business activities in the state and overseas. The Endau River, Mersing River, Sedili Besar River and Sedili Kecil River flow to the South China Sea in the east. [319][320][321] The state women's football team also won four titles in the Tun Sharifah Rodziah Cup in 1984, 1986, 1987 and 1989. [183][184] Southern Johor focuses on trading and services; western Johor focuses on manufacturing, business and modern farming; eastern Johor focuses on ecotourism; and central Johor focuses on both ecotourism and the primary sector economy. Find any address on the map of Johor or calculate your itinerary to and from Johor, find all the tourist attractions and Michelin Guide restaurants in Johor. [185], Due to its close proximity to Singapore, known for its financial hubs and international trade centres, the state benefits from Singaporean investors and tourists. The state's mountain ranges form part of the Titiwangsa Range, which is part of the larger Tenasserim Range connected to Thailand and Myanmar, with Mount Ophir being the highest point in Johor. [36] In 1582 the Portuguese helped Johor thwart an attack by Aceh, but the arrangement ended when Johor attacked the Portuguese in 1587. [136] The western part of Johor had a considerable number of peatlands. [313], As Johor has been part of Malaya since 1957, its athletes represented Malaya and later Malaysia at the Summer Olympic Games, Commonwealth Games, Asian Games and Southeast Asian Games. [284] Johor's geographical position in the southern Malay Peninsula has contributed to the state's rapid development as Malaysia's transportation and industrial hub, creating jobs and attracting migrants from other states and overseas, especially from Indonesia, the Philippines, Vietnam, Myanmar, Bangladesh, India, Pakistan and China. In the same year, Johor was the second biggest producer of vegetables among Malaysian states after Pahang, with a total vegetable plantation area of 154 km2 (59 sq mi) and a total harvesting area of 143 km2 (55 sq mi). Johor Bahru Directions {{::location.tagLine.value.text}} Sponsored Topics. Recognition by the attacks who decided to collaborate against Aceh, which they saw as Johor. [ 78 ] at the time of independence there were three political factions the! 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